About Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
The Galapagos Islands area situated in the Pacific Ocean some 1,000 km
from the Ecuadorian coast. This archipelago and its immense marine
reserve is known as the unique ‘living museum and showcase of
evolution’. Its geographical location at the confluence of three ocean
currents makes it one of the richest marine ecosystems in the world.
Ongoing seismic and volcanic activity reflects the processes that formed
the islands. These processes, together with the extreme isolation of
the islands, led to the development of unusual plant and animal life –
such as marine iguanas, flightless cormorants, giant tortoises, huge
cacti, endemic trees and the many different subspecies of mockingbirds
and finches – all of which inspired Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution
by natural selection following his visit in 1835.